Rural Solid Waste Management

 
Government of Punjab is very conscious about the non-existent system of the solid waste management in villages of Punjab and is keen to see "Litter free Punjab" in the forthcoming years.

The existing situation of solid waste management in rural areas is as under:

  • House & shop waste thrown in streets & swept to drains & sewer ultimately
  • Small streets swept to drains by house owners
  • Wider streets seldom swept
  • Garbage and animal waste & dung lying in heaps around and inside the villages
  • Highly insanitary conditions
  • Giving rise to vector diseases
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Local Government & Community Development Department aims to develop a "Rural solid waste management system" which should involve the complete participation of and complete management by the local people for making the system sustainable on long term basis. Looking into the managerial and financial capacity of TMAs it seems almost impossible that TMAs will be able to arrange collection of waste in the villages. Hence the pilot model aims at the management of waste at local level by the people who are producing it. The model will be refined / modified after testing it by monitoring the success and problems encountered. After modification/refining it will be implemented in all the villages of Punjab. The features of the model are as under:
  • Formulation of a village sanitation committee (VSC).
  • Primary collection of waste by VSC and its transportation to biogas plant premises
  • Manual segregation for recyclables and waste not usable in plant.
  • Operation of biogas plant.
  • Distribution of biogas to consumers.
  • Sale of recyclables and biogas
  • Drying the manure discharged by the plant and its sale to farmers.
  • Meeting the expenses of waste collection and plant operation from sale of gas, recyclables and manure.
  • Transport of non-usable waste to nearest existing landfill
  • Wheeled steel moveable containers of 0.7 cubic meter volume will be placed in open spaces or in streets of the village.
  • The residents will place the waste in these containers.
  • The street sweepings and silt taken out from drains will also be placed in these containers by sanitary workers.
  • These containers will be manually hauled by the sanitary workers and emptied in the biogas plant premises to be constructed in  
  • The village on state land or shamlot deh land.
  • The waste will be segregated manually for recyclables and the component not usable in the biogas plant.
  • The usable waste will be fed to the biogas plant installed in the village.
  • Biogas obtained from the plant will be sold to the inhabitants of the village by laying gas distribution system
  • The manure in the form of slurry will be dried in the drying beds in biogas plant premises to take the shape of granules.
  • The recyclables will be sold to market and the manure sold to the local farmers.
  • Waste not usable in the plant will be transported to the nearest landfill by TMA concerned.
Seven villages have been selected to pilot the model in Chiniot, Bahawalnagar and Lodhran.

Achievements

Government of Punjab is very conscious about the non-existent system of the solid waste management in villages of Punjab and is keen to see "Litter free Punjab" in the forthcoming years. Local Government & Community Development Department aims to develop a "Rural solid waste management system" which should involve the complete participation and management by the local people for making the system sustainable on long term basis. The pilot model aims at the management of waste at local level by the people who are producing it. The model will be refined / modified after testing it by monitoring the success and problems encountered. After modification/refining it will be implemented in all the villages of Punjab. Seven villages have been selected to pilot the model in Chiniot, Bahawalnagar and Lodhran.